Termite species

The term ‘termite’ describes a species of wood-boring insects that attack wood. The threat from termites is most severe when they attack timber in buildings, which over time, can eventually lead to the collapse of the building. There are a number of different species of termites that exist in Southern Africa and around the world.

Subterranean Termites

These termites thrive in colonies underground, where they survive in secluded areas and have a

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distinct ranking system (workers, soldiers and reproductive). They can also survive in moist secluded areas above ground, with over 2 million members per colony. They travel through mud tubes to their food source, which protects them from the open air.

Worker termites are cream in colour and grow up to 9.5 mm long. Soldier termites are similar in size to workers, but have distinct strong mandibles. Soldier termites have cream coloured bodies and brown heads. Reproductive termites are bigger in size, up to 25 mm long.

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Harvester Termites

Infest gardens, lawns and land, but may also be found in buildings

Drywood Termites

Drywood termites infest wood areas and therefore do not need to be in the soil to survive.

Termite Treatment

Because the drywood termite’s lifecycle is carried out within the timber, treatment is completely different. Fumigation is the only means of control.

Pest articles

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